Public health is one of the greatest things in which a government can invest.
Governments shall identify local public health priorities and implement activities to address the priorities and the areas of public health responsibility, which include:
1. Assure an adequate local public health infrastructure
Assure an adequate local public health infrastructure by maintaining the basic foundational capacities to a well-functioning public health system that includes data analysis and utilization; health planning; partnership development and community mobilization; policy development, analysis, and decision support; communication; and public health research, evaluation, and quality improvement.
2. Promote healthy communities and healthy behavior
Promote healthy communities and healthy behavior through activities that improve health in a population, such as investing in healthy families; engaging communities to change policies, systems, or environments to promote positive health or prevent adverse health; providing information and education about healthy communities or population health status; and addressing issues of health equity, health disparities, and the social determinants to health.
3. Prevent the spread of communicable diseases
Prevent the spread of communicable disease by preventing diseases that are caused by infectious agents through detecting acute infectious diseases, ensuring the reporting of infectious diseases, preventing the transmission of infectious diseases, and implementing control measures during infectious disease outbreaks.
4. Protect against environmental health hazards
Protect against environmental health hazards by addressing aspects of the environment that pose risks to human health, such as monitoring air and water quality; developing policies and programs to reduce exposure to environmental health risks and promote healthy environments; and identifying and mitigating environmental risks such as food and waterborne diseases, radiation, occupational health hazards, and public health nuisances.
5. Prepare and respond to emergencies
Prepare and respond to emergencies by engaging in activities that prepare public health departments to respond to events and incidents and assist communities in recovery, such as providing leadership for public health preparedness activities with a community; developing, exercising, and periodically reviewing response plans for public health threats; and developing and maintaining a system of public health workforce readiness, deployment, and response.
6. Assure health services
Assure health services by engaging in activities such as assessing the availability of health-related services and health care providers in local communities, identifying gaps and barriers in services; convening community partners to improve community health systems; and providing services identified as priorities by the local assessment and planning process.
The above mentioned areas shall be guaranteed and covered by the government through its health institutions mainly the Ministry of Health.
Health Institutions in Partners Countries
The Ministry of Health is responsible for
- Providing developing and facilitating, access to healthcare services and infrastructure;
- Providing primary and secondary health care services with a range of providers, including NGOs, UNRWA, the military medical services and the Palestinian Red Crescent;
- Offering preventative, diagnostic, curative, rehabilitative and emergency care services to all sectors of the population including the injured, prisoners of war, families of dead terrorists, and the disabled;
- Combating and preventing the spread of certain communicable and infectious diseases;
- Providing oversight of private and NGO led clinics, hospitals and mental health facilities;
The Ministry of Education and Higher Education is responsible for the comprehensive school health programs to improve students’ mental, social, physical psychological, and environmental health.
It should be noted that is no harmonized or integrated Palestinian health care system This is exacerbated by Israeli Military’s blockades and lack of freedom of movement.
The UNRWA provides free health services to the people in the camps.
Governorates have a role in coordinating state services in the field of health.
Municipalities are responsible for:
- Ensuring public health and prevent epidemics;
- Implementing sanitary systems;
- Regulating slaughter houses;
- Conducting public health inspection for food;
- Establishing hospitals and health clinics.
- Ministry of Education and Higher Education
- Ministry of Health
- WHO, 2016 The Health Conditions Of The Population Of Occupied Palestine Report World Health Organization (Geneva, 23–28 May 2016)
- Zahra Bhaiwala 2015 Health Under Occupation: Constraints on access to healthcare in the Palestinian Territories Israel/Palestine
Central government is responsible for all public primary healthcare facilities and the following:
- Improving the quality and safety of health care services and ensure its continuity;
- Infrastructure development of primary and secondary health institutions;
- Efficient and effective management of human resources;
- Strive for a comprehensive health insurance for all Jordanians;
- Efficient and effective management of financial resources;
- Encourage patterns and behaviours of healthy living and promotion including physical activity;
- Promote anti-smoking and any activities scientifically proven to improve health;
- Raising the level of health of the population of the fight against diseases caused by malnutrition;
- Educational materials;
- Provide preventive health services to students, schools, kindergartens and nurseries;
- Implementation of health-related activities for the elderly and supervision of programs;
- Health and safety at work;
- Implementation of programs related to the fight against the common non-communicable diseases such as heart disease and vascular health activities;
- Policies pertaining to blood, cancer, diabetes and any other similar diseases can pose a danger to public health;
- Primary healthcare facilities (approximately 1,245 of them) and regulating private sector hospitals and primary healthcare centres;
Responsible bodies Ministry of Health
Public Health Law, Law No. 47/2008, repealing the Law No.21/1971, was published in the Official Gazette, Volume 4924 dated 17.08.2008.
[SK1] According to Law No 74-1064 of 28 November 1974, the Ministry of Public Health is responsible for developing public health policy, plans, and overseeing their implementation in the areas of prevention, care, drug, drugs and laboratories rehabilitation.
[SK1]Check basic principles constitution!
Regional health directorates implement national public health policy, under supervision of the coordinating unit at the Ministry of Public Health.