Health Policy

Health policy refers to decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society. An explicit health policy can achieve several things: it defines a vision for the future which in turn helps to establish targets and points of reference for the short and medium term. It outlines priorities and the expected roles of different groups; and it builds consensus and informs people. The following are examples of National Health Policies in some Mediterranean countries:

Jordan

نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪jordan flag‬‏

The National Strategy for Health Sector in Jordan 2015- 2019:

https://s3.amazonaws.com/usjkamp/prod_uploads/system/resources/attachments/000/000/311/original/Jordan_National_Health_Sector_Strategy_2015-2019_.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIJL2X4Q3B25PE6DQ&Expires=1535977377&Signature=IhUpJtDIFKveRA91w8RFMnaOS3M%3D

Spain

نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪spain flag‬‏

The health system in Spain stands out for its impressive life gains during the past decades. Across OECD countries, Spain currently ranks second in terms of life expectancy at birth and at 65 years old, only behind Japan. However, factors such as a high share of out of pocket spending or a relatively low level of health professionals continue to impair higher health system performance. This brief provides an insight to four challenging areas and potential policy options to address those, focusing in particular on the need to improve access to services, invest more in health professionals, tackle unhealthy lifestyles and boost quality of care.

For more information about the health policy in Spain please see the link below:

https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/e9164025-3d65-4142-b016-62bc466300b9

 

Tunisia

نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪Tunisia‬‏

Tunisia’s health indicators rank near the top in Africa, with life expectancy of about 74 years on average. The country’s diverse economy includes petroleum, tourism, agriculture and mining, and has produced average GDP growth around 5 percent annually for the past couple of decades. Major international firms such as Airbus and Hewlett Packard have opened manufacturing plants in the country. Tunisia’s wealth has produced a creditable health care system, albeit one in need of serious improvement in terms of quality and equity of care.

For more information about the health policy in Spain please see the link below:

https://www.pacificprime.com/country/africa/tunisia-health-insurance/

https://oxfordbusinessgroup.com/overview/annual-check-solid-foundation-sector-ready-overhaul

Palestine

نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪palestine flag‬‏

The Palestinian National Health Strategy 2017-2022:

http://www.lacs.ps/documentsShow.aspx?ATT_ID=29996

 

The National Health Institutions in Partners Countries:

 

Jordan

نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪jordan flag‬‏

Central government is responsible for all public primary healthcare facilities and the following:

  • Improving the quality and safety of health care services and ensure its continuity;
  • Infrastructure development of primary and secondary health institutions;
  • Efficient and effective management of human resources;
  • Strive for a comprehensive health insurance for all Jordanians;
  • Efficient and effective management of financial resources;
  • Encourage patterns and behaviors of healthy living and promotion including physical activity;
  • Promote anti-smoking and any activities scientifically proven to improve health;
  • Raising the level of health of the population of the fight against diseases caused by malnutrition;
  • Educational materials;
  • Provide preventive health services to students, schools, kindergartens and nurseries;
  • Implementation of health-related activities for the elderly and supervision of programs;
  • Health and safety at work;
  • Implementation of programs related to the fight against the common non-communicable diseases such as heart disease and vascular health activities;
  • Policies pertaining to blood, cancer, diabetes and any other similar diseases can pose a danger to public health;
  • Primary healthcare facilities (approximately 1,245 of them) and regulating private sector hospitals and primary healthcare centers

Responsible bodies:Ministry of Health

Sources:
Public Health Law, Law No. 47/2008, repealing the Law No.21/1971, was published in the Official Gazette, Volume 4924 dated 17.08.2008.

 

Palestine

نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪palestine flag‬‏

The Ministry of Health  is responsible for:

  • Providing developing and facilitating, access to healthcare services and infrastructure;
  • Providing primary and secondary health care services with a range of providers, including NGOs, UNRWA, the military medical services and the Palestinian Red Crescent;
  • Offering preventative, diagnostic, curative, rehabilitative and emergency care services to all sectors of the population including the injured, prisoners of war, families of dead terrorists, and the disabled;
  • Combating and preventing the spread of certain communicable and infectious diseases;
  • Providing oversight of private and NGO led clinics, hospitals and mental health facilities;

The Ministry of Education and Higher Education is responsible for the comprehensive school health programs to improve student’ mental, social, physical psychological, and environmental health.

It should be noted that is no harmonized or integrated Palestinian health care system This is exacerbated by Israeli Military’s blockades and lack of freedom of movement.

The UNRWA provides free health services to the people in the camps.

Regional

Governorates have a role in coordinating state services in the field of health.

Local

Municipalities are responsible for:

  • Ensuring public health and prevent epidemics;
  • Implementing sanitary systems;
  • Regulating slaughter houses;
  • Conducting public health inspection for food;
  • Establishing hospitals and health clinics.

Responsible ministries/bodies

Sources:

 

Spain

نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪spain flag‬‏

The Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Welfare of Spain ,is the ministerial department   which takes charge of the health, social and consumption policy. The ministry is headquartered in the Paseo del Pradoin Madrid, opposite the Prado Museum and was previously called the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality.

Responsible ministries/bodies:

Ministerio de Sanidad, Consumo y Bienestar Social

Responsibilities

The Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Welfare is a department of the General Administration responsible for:

  • Suggesting and carrying out the Government policy in healthy, planning, medical attention and consumption affairs.
  • Exercising the competencies of the General Administration of the State in order to guarantee the health protection right.
  • Suggesting and carrying out the Government policy in social inclusion and cohesion, family, child protection and attention to disabled or dependent persons affairs

For more information about the national health system in Spain please see the links below:

 

Tunisia

نتيجة بحث الصور عن ‪Tunisia flag‬‏

According to Law No 74-1064 of 28 November 1974, the Ministry of Public Health  is responsible for developing public health policy, plans, and overseeing their implementation in the areas of prevention, care, drug, drugs and laboratories rehabilitation.
Check basic principles constitution!

Regional

Regional health directorates implement national public health policy, under supervision of the coordinating unit at the Ministry of Public Health.

Responsible ministries/bodies:

Ministry of Public Health

Sources:

Ministry of Public Health