Human health is complex, influenced not only by the biology and chemistry of the body but also by social structures, culture, politics, and economics.
Public Health in Partners Countries
The Ministry of Health is responsible for
- Providing developing and facilitating, access to healthcare services and infrastructure;
- Providing primary and secondary health care services with a range of providers, including NGOs, UNRWA, the military medical services and the Palestinian Red Crescent;
- Offering preventative, diagnostic, curative, rehabilitative and emergency care services to all sectors of the population including the injured, prisoners of war, families of dead terrorists, and the disabled;
- Combating and preventing the spread of certain communicable and infectious diseases;
- Providing oversight of private and NGO led clinics, hospitals and mental health facilities;
The Ministry of Education and Higher Education is responsible for the comprehensive school health programs to improve students’ mental, social, physical psychological, and environmental health.
It should be noted that is no harmonized or integrated Palestinian health care system This is exacerbated by Israeli Military’s blockades and lack of freedom of movement.
The UNRWA provides free health services to the people in the camps.
Governorates have a role in coordinating state services in the field of health.
Municipalities are responsible for:
- Ensuring public health and prevent epidemics;
- Implementing sanitary systems;
- Regulating slaughter houses;
- Conducting public health inspection for food;
- Establishing hospitals and health clinics.
- Ministry of Education and Higher Education
- Ministry of Health
- WHO, 2016 The Health Conditions Of The Population Of Occupied Palestine Report World Health Organization (Geneva, 23–28 May 2016)
- Zahra Bhaiwala 2015 Health Under Occupation: Constraints on access to healthcare in the Palestinian Territories Israel/Palestine
Central government is responsible for all public primary healthcare facilities and the following:
- Improving the quality and safety of health care services and ensure its continuity;
- Infrastructure development of primary and secondary health institutions;
- Efficient and effective management of human resources;
- Strive for a comprehensive health insurance for all Jordanians;
- Efficient and effective management of financial resources;
- Encourage patterns and behaviours of healthy living and promotion including physical activity;
- Promote anti-smoking and any activities scientifically proven to improve health;
- Raising the level of health of the population of the fight against diseases caused by malnutrition;
- Educational materials;
- Provide preventive health services to students, schools, kindergartens and nurseries;
- Implementation of health-related activities for the elderly and supervision of programs;
- Health and safety at work;
- Implementation of programs related to the fight against the common non-communicable diseases such as heart disease and vascular health activities;
- Policies pertaining to blood, cancer, diabetes and any other similar diseases can pose a danger to public health;
- Primary healthcare facilities (approximately 1,245 of them) and regulating private sector hospitals and primary healthcare centres;
Responsible bodies Ministry of Health
Public Health Law, Law No. 47/2008, repealing the Law No.21/1971, was published in the Official Gazette, Volume 4924 dated 17.08.2008.
[SK1] According to Law No 74-1064 of 28 November 1974, the Ministry of Public Health is responsible for developing public health policy, plans, and overseeing their implementation in the areas of prevention, care, drug, drugs and laboratories rehabilitation.
[SK1]Check basic principles constitution!
Regional health directorates implement national public health policy, under supervision of the coordinating unit at the Ministry of Public Health.